Displacements Of The Uterus
The uterus is held in position by four pairs of ligaments, by the muscles and fascia below, and by the fat in the pelvic tissues. The organ may be displaced backward, sideways, or downward.
Tumors of the uterus may drag or push it into various abnormal positions. Tumors in any surrounding structure may displace it. Imperfect development of the supporting structures may also result in displacement.
Two types of uterine displacement cause trouble. One is retroversion, a backward tipping of the organ, possibly accompanied by a sagging downward also.
The other type of displacement is prolapse, a settling downward, sometimes so extreme that the cervix protrudes from the vulva, and may drag down with it part of the bladder and rectum. This is more common after the change of life than before. Loss of weight, weakened ligaments, and unrepaired lacerations are the chief causes.
A displacement may prevent a woman from becoming pregnant; and, if she does conceive, abortion may result. With the backward position, the supporting ligaments may be stretched, causing congestion of the oviducts, ovaries, and uterus. Other results are backache, constipation, and menstrual pain. Most retroversions, however, are symptomless.
Displacements Of The Uterus Treatment And Prevention
- If displacement of the uterus is suspected, have a physician, preferably a gynecologist, make an examination. If he finds the condition sufficiently serious, he may advise insertion of tampons or pessaries into the vagina to help support the uterus. He may recommend surgery.
- If these measures are not necessary, and if the displacement is backward, the following measures/are recommended:
A. Avoid heavy lifting and do not stand more than necessary while at work.
B. Build up general health with moderate exercise, plenty of rest, balanced diet, and hot half baths.
C. If the displacement is due to a heavy uterus which failed to return to normal size after childbirth, a cold rubbing bath every day except during menstruation may help.