An apoplectic stroke results from an interruption of the blood supply to some part of the brain. It may be caused by a rupture of one of the vessels supplying the brain or by a blocking of a vessel by a blood clot.
Symptoms of stroke may develop suddenly, or over a period of several minutes. The victim may collapse and lose consciousness, but this does not always occur. Usually the victim's face appears red and congested. There may be vomiting and even convulsions. Depending upon what part of the brain is affected, there may be a paralysis of one side of the face with the mouth pulled to the other side. There may be a weakness of one entire side of the body (difficult to detect while the victim is unconscious). The speech may be affected. In some cases, the pupil of one eye becomes larger than that of the other.
If the victim survives, his recovery may take many days or weeks.
Apoplectic Stroke Treatment And First Aid
- Summon a physician or take the victim to a hospital.
- Before help arrives lay the victim down in a comfortable position with his head and shoulders slightly elevated.
- Loosen tight clothing.
- Apply cold compresses (cloth wrung out of ice water) or an ice bag to the forehead and face.
- Keep the victim quiet and do not encourage conversation even though he may be conscious.
- If he vomits, take care that the vomitus does not enter his air passages. This is important; his throat muscles may be partially paralyzed.
- Give no stimulants or medicines except on a physician's order.
- If the victim has convulsions, place a rolled piece of cloth between his teeth so that he will not injure his tongue.